Speech/language therapy helps enhance communication skills via pictures, signs, communication device and/or words. Professionals who are educated to assess speech and language development and to treat speech and language disorders, as well as swallowing disorders, are called speech-language pathologists (sometimes informally referred to as speech therapists). If parents are concerned about their child’s speech and language development speech-language pathologist can administer tests of receptive and expressive language, analyze a child’s utterances in various situations; determine factors that may be slowing down language development, and counsel parents on the next steps to take.
Pediatric physical therapy is a profession that addresses physical impairments and functional limitations that impact the daily lives of children with special needs. This includes, but is not limited to, problems with balance, coordination, strength, range of motion, gait (walking pattern); motor planning, proprioception (body awareness); and other functional skills such as riding a tricycle or bike, and ball skills. PT’s also assist clients in attaining appropriate assistive devices such as walkers and wheelchairs, as well as foot orthotics to improve function and biomechanical alignment of joints.
Occupational therapy focuses on helping people achieve independence in all areas of their lives. In pediatrics, such as at Arion Care Solutions, the occupational therapist is concerned with helping children with disabilities achieve independence in performing their daily activities or ‘occupations’.
Occupations of a child include fine motor skills such as grasping a toy or a spoon, eye-hand coordination skills such as drawing or buttoning, visual-perceptual skills such as handwriting, self-help skills such as dressing and feeding, and sensory processing skills such as calming themselves down to sit at the table and do homework. These are some of the skills that occupational therapist would typically help the child achieve and become independent with the therapy